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Bologna Process and the Turkish Military Academy

Having realized that the 21.st century will be an information age, European countries made a series of resolutions at the end of the 20th. century in order to form the Information System for Europe (Bilgi Avrupası). In this system which will get its power from information and science, it is aimed at forming a higher education system that will enable the countries in Europe to be both compatible/complementary with each other and be superior to their competitors. The Bologna Process started officially with the signing of Bologna declaration by 29 countries on 9 June 1999 and it was decided that Ministers of education meet once every two years in order to monitor the process by forming the Bologna Follow-up Group-BFUG. Ministers of education have been holding meetings every second year and planning the future of higher education. Turkey was involved in the process in 2001 in Prag meeting.

In 2001 Prag declaration added 3 more objectives of higher education to the 6 of them identified in 1999 Bologna Process and the basic priorities of the process was identified as follows:

  • Adopting a system of easily readable and comparable higher education diploma degrees (develop a Diploma supplement )
  • Adopting a degree system with two main cycles (undergraduate/graduate)in higher education
  • Introducing European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)
  • Promoting the mobility of students and academic staff
  • Promoting and enhancing a quality guarantee systems network in higher education
  • Promoting a European dimension in higher education
  • Encouraging life-long learning
  • Facilitating the active involvement of students and higher education teachers
  • Promoting the attractiveness of the European higher education area

Studies for Adaptation to Bologna Process

Turkish Military Academy started the “Multiple Graduate” Program as of 2012-2013 Academic Year.

In this context, the following were identified for graduate and undergraduate programs;

  • Program competencies in accordance with the Turkish Higher Adequacy Framework Field competencies,
  • Courses and course descriptions
  • Learning outcomes
  • ECTS course credits

It’s considered in the light of national and international standards that adaptation to Bologna process will increase the quality and validity of Undergraduate and Graduate Programs



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